Full flight simulator of crew of L-39 aircraft

Full flight simulator of crew of L-39 aircraft  (TL-39) is designed for training cadets and pilots of L-39 type aircraft on the ground to actions within the full scope of their functional duties for piloting, navigation, operation of airborne systems and equipment of the aircraft, communication activities, actions in case of failures of various airborne systems and in special cases in accordance with the L-39 Aircraft Flight Manual.

The simulator provides solution of problems of formation, improvement and maintenance of stable skills of cadets and pilots to control the aircraft and its armament in different conditions (including counteraction of ground and enemy air forces).

The simulator can be used in the course of combat training of aviation units, as well as in the training process of military educational institutions when practicing topics related to piloting and combat application of L-39 type aircraft.

Simulator structure

  1. Front and rear cabin simulators
  2. Mobility system
  3. External environment visualization system
  4. Computer piloting aircraft simulator
  5. Manager automated workstation
  6. Simulator software complex
  7. Local area network
  8. Equipment for briefing and flight analysis on the simulator
  9. Power Supply System
  10. Spare parts, tools and accessories (kit)
  11. Operating documents

Simulator capabilities

The simulator provides support for pilot training programs:

  • initial training
  • retraining
  • periodic training and improvement of pilots’ skills
  • annual inspections
  • qualification testing of new pilots
  • qualification recovery after break in flight work
  • engineering staff training
  • pilot minimum reduction

Training on the simulator allows to:

  • Increase the efficiency of the training process of aircrew
  • ensure the maintenance of flight skills in conditions of limited flight hours
  • reduce consumption of materials and resources of aviation equipment for training flights
  • improve flight safety by increasing the emergency preparedness of pilots
  • enhance control over the flight discipline
  • implement new possibilities in research of new progressive methods and techniques in flight training

he simulator is a universal training and methodological tool for ground training of flight personnel and provides:

  • Familiarization with the aircraft’s controls and systems
  • skill training in assessment of environment and decision making while piloting
  • skill training in actions in special (emergency, abnormal) cases in flight
  • skill training in actions by controls on separate elements of exercises(flight missions)
  • automatic task assignment for training
  • preparation for solo flight
  • group control of readiness for flight missions
  • comprehensive analysis of mistakes made in piloting techniques and aircraft systems operation

Manager’spossibilities in preparation and during the exercises:

  • Selecting an exercisefrom the task library, taking into account the selected training plan and required level of complexity
  • Selection of conditions for exercises
  • Selection of area
  • Managerexercisepreparation
  • Control over actions of trainees in course of training
  • two-way communication with trainees
  • training results printing
  • forming amexerciserating
  • input of emergency situations
  • formation of results base of the exercises to be conducted for the period
  • selection of the area of the upcoming flight missionfrom the geo-information base available in the simulator
  • setting the initial position and status of virtual units of the parties, as well as a scenario of their actions (combat tasks) during the training
  • entry of the flight mission, combat mission; assignment of meteorological conditions of the flight mission
  • operative change in the current scenario of training
  • control over virtual motorized rifle, tank, missile, artillery, anti-tank, anti-aircraft and aviation units of the parties
  • control and display of the current position of the aircraft, as well as the overall tactical ground and air environment in virtual combat space
  • documenting the results of flight missions to be performed by the pilot
  • demonstration of the pilot’s actions at all stages of the flight by simulating the flight mission profiles recorded on the simulator
  • storage of training results of all trainees and their analysis

Advantages of using the simulator during the flight and combat training

Reality

high level of detail of the underlying surface and atmosphere with a dome-shaped visualization system for the external environment

complete adequacy of the completeness, placement and application of controls and cabin equipment

modeling of aircraft dynamics under normal and special (emergency) situations

modeling of acceleration effects of aircraft behavior on the ground and in the air implementation of vibration effects caused by the operation of various units of the aircraft

high quality simulation of acoustic effects of aircraft systems, impact of the external environment, use of airborne weapons

 

Cost-effectiveness

operation of the simulator requires much less costs than operation of a real aircraft 

 

Reliability

The simulator can be operated regardless of weather conditions up to 12 hours a day

 

Capabilities

Transfer and improvement of the pilot’s skills within the scope of functional duties in accordance with theL-39 Aircraft Flight Manual, as well as providing combat training within the scope of the training program

 

Safety

simulation of emergency situations that cannot be or are extremely dangerous to create in real flight

 

Objective assessment

The simulator allows carrying out a detailed analysis of the flight mission as a whole, as well as individual training procedures

Simulator characteristics
Premisetype premise on the first floors of capital buildings or special easy-to-assemble structures of the Sprung type
Minimal premise area 100 m²
Minimum premise height 6m
Readiness for exercises after turning on not more than 15 min
Continuous operating time not less than 12 hours
Powersupply: voltage 220 ±10% V
frequency 50±1 Hz
Maximum power consumption 35 kW
Average power consumption 11 kW
Increased operating and limit temperature Up to +35°С
Reduced operating temperature Up to +5°С
Relative humidity at temperature of +25°С Up to 80%
Diagnostic system Built-insemi-automatic
On-off and off control fromthemanager'sworkstation
Spare parts, tools and accessories individual
Technical maintenance control inspection, daily technicalmaintenance, technicalmaintenance-1 (once every 6 months), technicalmaintenance-2 (once a year)
Operating fluids mineral oil in dynamic platform gearmotors
Electrical safety of trainees and maintenance personnel elimination of dangerous voltage in the pilot's cockpitsimulator (DC voltage +24 V is used). Short-circuit protection
Simulator operating hours accounting motor hourprogram counter
Simulatorweight as an assembly 3680 kg
Operating documents form, operating manual, guideline for installation and setting up at the place of use of the simulator for its intended purpose, SPTA Set List
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